Planning to take your class on a History school trip to the First World War Battlefields of Flanders? You might consider visiting some of these locations. For further details, visit http://www.schooltours.co.uk/ypres-messines-passchendaele.html.
The Gheluvelt Plateau was an area of high ground to the south-east of Ypres. The charge of the 2nd Worcesters at a crucial stage of the First battle of Ypres in 1914 prevented the Germans breaking through and gave the BEF enough respite to stabilise its defensive line.
2. Langemark German Cemetery
3. Pilckem Ridge
4. Essex Farm
5. The Menin Road and 'Hellfire Corner'
6. Memorial Museum Passchendaele (MMP 1917)
7. The Menin Gate: designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield, commemorates 55,000 Missing of the Ypres Salient. Inaugurated in 1927, it was the first Memorial to the Missing completed by the (then) Imperial War Graves Commission. The Last Post is sounded every evening at 20.00 hours in a ceremony commemorating the fallen of the Salient.
8. Dochy Farm: Dochy Farm, offers an excellent view of Passchendaele Ridge and the ground crossed by ANZAC troops on 4th October 1917. The present-day farms have been rebuilt on the site of the original buildings which were heavily fortified by the Germans.
9. Passchendaele Ridge and Tyne Cot Cemetery: Tyne Cot stands on the forward slope of Passchendaele Ridge with nearly 12,000 graves, of which nearly two-thirds are unknown. The names of 35,000 missing are recorded on the panels at the rear. The remains of two bunkers which formed part of the German Flanders I Line still stand within the cemetery; a third is now under the Cross of Sacrifice. A new Visitor Centre offers excellent views towards Ypres and across the Passchendaele battlefield.
10. Messines Ridge and Spanbroekmolen: Spanbroekmolen was the site of the largest of the Messines mines. On the 7th June 1917 nineteen mines were detonated in rapid succession under the German front line, the whole sequence lasting little more than thirty seconds. Wytschaete, known as ‘Whitesheet’, was heavily fortified but resistance crumbled as the mines blew Messines Ridge apart.